"It doesn't matter how beautiful your theory is, it doesn't matter how smart you are. If it doesn't agree with experiment, it's wrong." Richard P. Feynman

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

For Julia Gillard - Carbon is a solid and it is not pollution.



Carbon (play /ˈkɑrbən/) is the chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. As a member of group 14 on the periodic table, it is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. There are three naturally occurring isotopes, with 12C and 13C being stable, while 14C is radioactive, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years.[9] Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity.[10][11] The name "carbon" comes from Latin carbo, coal.
There are several allotropes of carbon of which the best known are graphitediamond, and amorphous carbon.[12] The physical properties of carbon vary widely with the allotropic form. For example, diamond is highly transparent, while graphite isopaque and black. Diamond is among the hardest materials known, while graphite is soft enough to form a streak on paper (hence its name, from the Greek word "to write"). Diamond has a very low electrical conductivity, while graphite is a very goodconductor. Under normal conditions, diamond has the highest thermal conductivity of all known materials.
All carbon allotropes are solids under normal conditions with graphite being the most thermodynamically stable form.


File:Diamond-and-graphite-with-scale.jpg
Note that carbon as diamond or graphite is a solid not a gas. Carbon in the first form is highly prized by the female of the species and they do not regard it as pollution in any way.
Carbon Dioxide
A colourless gas which makes up about 0.04% of the atmosphere. It is denser than air. It is toxic only above about 6% concentration, but it does not support respiration or combustion. It is excreted as a waste product of aerobic metabolism, and is carried to the veins, mainly as hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) ions. Expired air contains about 4% carbon dioxide. 
 

As we breathe out carbon dioxide it is not a pollutant!
What you see coming out of a smokestack is not carbon dioxide  because it  is invisible and the usual photos show cooling towers which only emit steam.
So Julia what are you talking about when you say "carbon pollution".

2 comments:

  1. John of Cloverdale WAJuly 19, 2011 at 10:21 PM

    That's why the the lady in the shopping centre said to Gillard, "I am not stupid". Indeed many of the non-green/socialist group are not stupid and know CO2 is not carbon. The greens hug trees but the trees couldn't give a shit because TREES LOVE CARBON DIOXIDE.

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  2. Carbon is not the same as carbon dioxide regardless of the number of times the term 'carbon dioxide' is repeated !

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